Type 2 Diabetes Treatment in Olympia
What is type 2 diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes (T2D), also sometimes referred to as adult onset diabetes, is a chronic condition that inhibits the body from properly using insulin. Unlike type 1 diabetes, the body is able to produce insulin. However, the body doesn’t produce enough, or the body rejects the effects of the insulin. T2D is most commonly found in adults, but with increasing childhood obesity rates in recent years, there has been a rise in T2D among children.
What causes type 2 diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes is caused when the pancreas stops producing enough insulin or when the body develops a resistance to insulin, the naturally occurring hormone that is used to transport sugar from the bloodstream to cells in the body for energy. Genetics and lifestyle factors play the largest role in developing T2D, but other factors may contribute as well.
What are the risk factors for type 2 diabetes?
Some of the known risk factors for type 2 diabetes include:
- Genetics – certain genes indicate a higher chance of developing T2D
- Family history – those with parents or siblings who have T2D have an increased risk of developing the disease
- Physical activity level – those who are inactive or have lower physical activity levels have an increased risk of developing T2D
- Excess weight – those who carry extra weight have a higher risk of developing T2D; the more fatty tissue you have, the more likely that your cells may become resistant to insulin
- Distribution of body fat – having excess fat primarily in the abdomen makes you more likely to develop T2D than if your body stores fat elsewhere
- PCOS – women with polycystic ovary syndrome have a higher chance of getting type 2 diabetes
- Age – adults over the age of 45 have a much higher rate of T2D, however, the disease is not a normal part of the aging process and is found in children and adolescents as well
- Heart disease – those who have suffered a heart attack in the past may have a higher risk of type 2 diabetes
- Prediabetes – Having prediabetes makes the development of T2D much more likely, particularly if left untreated
- Gestational diabetes – Developing gestational diabetes while pregnant makes the development of type 2 diabetes more likely; women who give birth to a baby weighing 9 pounds or more also have an increased risk for T2D
What are the symptoms of type 2 diabetes?
While type 2 diabetes symptoms differ from person to person, they commonly include:
- Increased thirst or dehydration
- Frequent hunger
- Increased urination
- Lack of energy
- Drowsiness / fatigue
- Sudden weight loss
- Blurred vision
- Slow wound healing
- Frequent infections
- Dark skin patches
In some cases, a person with type 2 diabetes may experience no symptoms at all. Because of this, a proper evaluation with a diabetes specialist is critical for making a diagnosis and determining your treatment options.
How is type 2 diabetes diagnosed?
Diabetes specialists at Shawna Purcell, MD can diagnose type 2 diabetes by evaluating a patient’s symptoms, risk factors, lifestyle factors and by performing one or more of the following tests:
- Glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test – measures the percentage of blood that is attached to blood sugar levels for 2-3 months prior to testing, indicating T2D if levels are higher than 6.5%
- Random blood sugar test – evaluates blood sugar levels at any time, despite what a patient has eaten, suggesting T2D if blood sugar is over 200 mg/dL and other symptoms are present
- Fasting blood sugar test – after an overnight fast, evaluates blood sugar levels, and indicates T2D when blood sugar is higher than 125 mg/dL
How is type 2 diabetes treated?
While there is no cure for the disease, there are various ways to control type 2 diabetes symptoms and avoid the potentially life-threatening risks associated with T2D. We offer personalized diabetes education classes, both type 1 & 2 diabetes classes, designed to help our patients and their loved ones develop a better understanding of the disease and the available treatment options.
Type 2 diabetes treatments may include:
- Regular exercise
- Nutritional counseling with a registered dietitian
- Taking certain medications
- Taking insulin (injections or other methods); we offer insulin pump insertion and management
- Blood sugar monitoring; we offer continuous glucose monitoring sensors, including in-office monitoring as well as personal continuous glucose monitors
There are also certain types of foods that should be eaten more and foods to avoid if you have T2D. Type 2 diabetes diet adjustments may include:
- Lower unhealthy fat intake
- Increase fiber intake; fiber from fruits, vegetables, and whole grains can help control blood sugar
- Monitor carbohydrate intake & minimize consumption of refined carbohydrates
Our medical team includes registered dietitians and a diabetes education specialists who are here to help guide patients with type 2 diabetes. Our diabetes specialists will work with you to establish a treatment program, healthy eating plan and personalized exercise plan that works with your lifestyle.
If you have type 2 diabetes or symptoms that may indicate T2D, it is important to see a doctor who specializes in diabetes and weight loss in order to access the diabetes education, tools, and guidance needed to manage your condition. Shawna Purcell, MD is home to a team of medical experts with extensive backgrounds in diabetes and weight loss services. Call 360-596-4614 today or fill out the form on this page to schedule an appointment now.